Choline is a micronutrient little known in Europe, but essential and vital, which has been recognised as such by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) since 1998. Due to its low level of awareness, choline is so far only sporadically recommended as a dietary supplement in Europe, unlike in the USA. The power substance also has similarities to the vitamins of the B complex. For a long time it was disputed whether or not choline is an essential nutrient (i.e. essential for humans and not produced by the body itself). Background: Although the body can produce choline in small amounts (choline is synthesized in the liver), this amount is usually not sufficient to cover the entire demand. In addition, no deficiency symptoms of choline were known for a long time, as it is contained in many foods. In the meantime, there are some studies that have examined the consequences of low choline levels. For example, this deficiency in pregnancy can lead to an increased level of homocysteine (googling this time!) and thus to premature birth, low birth weight or preeclampsia (pregnancy intoxication). An increased homocysteine value can also increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases (for those who are even more interested in the subject, see also sources).


In human metabolism, choline is converted to acetylcholine. This is an important neurotransmitter, i.e. carrier, of nerve signals and controls nerve processes, memory processes, moods, emotions and behavior. The transfer of stimuli to the muscles also requires Acetylcholine, thus it also affects vital functions such as breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure control or metabolic processes. Choline contributes to normal fat and homocysteine metabolism and supports normal liver function. In case of a lack of choline, more fat is stored in the liver because this metabolic process is disturbed (a liver with high fat content, also called “fat liver”, can detoxify the body only to a limited extent, since liver functions are limited). Choline transports the fatty acids (triglycerides) from the liver and transports them to the required areas in the body.


The main sources of choline in the diet are cattle, pork and chicken livers as well as eggs. But it is also contained in small quantities, for example in meat, fish, whole grains, soybeans, nuts, vegetables and fruits. Therefore, in addition to pregnant women and people who are exposed to high physical stress, vegetarians and vegans should pay particular attention to the adequate intake of choline. In addition to food, the power substance can also be found in dietary supplements as well as in preparations for liver damage (fat liver). There are plenty of reasons why we have included this power ingredient – along with other valuable nutrients, vitamins and minerals – in the sophisticated formula of FIERCE by VABO-N. And by the way – VABO-N FIERCE is 100 percent vegan, without doping-relevant substances and, last but not least, produced in Austria. More information about VABO-N FIERCE and its ingredients can be found at: https://www.vabo-n.com/.


US National Library of Medicine, National Institues of Health: Choline – an essential nutrient for public health; Pregnancy and lactation are associated with diminished concentrations of choline and its metabolites in rat liver; Homocysteine and atherosclerosis