Choline is a little known in Europe, but essential and vital micronutrient, recognized as such by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) since 1998. Due to its low level of awareness, choline has so far only been sporadically recommended as a dietary supplement in Europe, unlike in the USA. The power substance also has similarities to the vitamins of the B-complex. For a long time, it was disputed whether or not choline is an essential nutrient (i.e. essential for humans and not producible by the body itself). Background: Although the body can produce choline in small amounts (choline is synthesized in the liver), this amount is usually not sufficient to cover the entire requirement. In addition, choline has not been known to cause deficiency symptoms for a long time, since it is contained in many foods. A number of studies are now available that have examined the consequences of low choline levels. For example, this deficiency can lead to elevated levels of homocysteine (google that!) during pregnancy, resulting in preterm birth, low birth weight, or preeclampsia (pregnancy intoxication). Elevated homocysteine levels can also increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (for those more interested in the subject, see also sources).
In human metabolism, choline is converted to acetylcholine. This is an important neurotransmitter, i.e. transmitter, of nerve signals and controls nerve processes, memory processes, moods, emotions and behavior. The transmission of stimuli to the muscles also requires acetylcholine, so it also influences vital functions such as breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure control or metabolic processes. Choline contributes to normal fat and homocysteine metabolism and supports normal liver function. When there is a deficiency of choline, more fat is stored in the liver because this metabolic process is disturbed (a liver with a high fat content, also called “fatty liver”, can only detoxify the body to a limited extent because liver functions are restricted). Choline transports fatty acids (triglycerides) from the liver and carries them to the needed sites in the body.
The most important dietary sources of choline are beef, pork and chicken livers and eggs. But it is also present in small amounts in, for example, meat, fish, whole grain products, soybeans, nuts, vegetables and fruits. Therefore, in addition to pregnant women and people who are exposed to high physical stress, vegetarians and vegans should also pay special attention to the sufficient supply of choline. In addition to foods, the power substance can also be found in dietary supplements and in preparations against liver damage (fatty liver). Plenty of reasons why we have included this power ingredient – along with other valuable nutrients, vitamins and minerals – in the sophisticated formula of FIERCE by VABO-N. And by the way – VABO-N FIERCE is 100 percent vegan, without doping-relevant substances and, last but not least, produced in Austria. For more information about VABO-N FIERCE and its ingredients, please visit: https://www.vabo-n.com/.
US National Library of Medicine, National Institues of Health: Choline – an essential nutrient for public health; Pregnancy and lactation are associated with diminished concentrations of choline and its metabolites in rat liver; Homocysteine and atherosclerosis